Health & Fitness: IT Band Syndrome a major pain for runners

col-lieslliotibial (IT) band syndrome is a common overuse injury experienced by runners and active adults. It typically presents as a painful area on the outside of the knee that can be tender to touch and often increases in pain with activity. The IT band begins along the hip crest where the tensor fasciae latae and gluteus maximus muscles join to form this tendinous band. The band then tracks over the hip, down the outside of the leg, crosses the knee joint and inserts just past the knee joint line on the outside of the lower leg. Dysfunction of this IT band often arises from poor biomechanics during repetitive activities such as running, cycling, etc for various reasons such as muscle imbalances and/or leg length discrepancies.

One example of poor biomechanics that can contribute to IT band syndrome is described as a valgus knee position that people sometimes experience during the weight bearing phase of running. This valgus angle describes a position of the knee that is more medial (or towards the midline of the body) than the hip and foot during weight bearing. This position of the knee relative to the hip during repetitive activities such as running causes significant stress and strain to the IT band. This strain multiplied by the thousands of times that individuals will take a step can lead to undue muscle tension and tightness, known as myofascial restrictions. These myofascial restrictions present as palpable taught muscle bands or even knots known as trigger points that can also be tender to touch. They can occur anywhere along the length of the IT band and cause tension and tightness resulting in strain, inflammation and pain where the tendon inserts into the bone just past the knee.

Once an individual develops symptoms related to IT band syndrome, it is helpful to see a Physical Therapist for evaluation to decipher what might be their specific impairment leading to poor biomechanics and this particular overuse injury.  One common cause of the valgus knee position during weight bearing is weakness present in the muscles located on the outside of the hip. When these muscles function properly, they aid in maintaining a neutral knee position while an individual weight bears on one leg. If there is weakness present, these muscles will stretch and allow the knee to translate medially (or towards the midline of the body) leading to the valgus knee position.
Another cause of this valgus knee position can be located on the opposite end of the chain, the foot. If a person has more of an unstable foot, where the arch collapses during weight bearing, this causes the lower leg, and thus the knee, to translate into the valgus leg position when bearing weight on one leg.  If either or these factors are found to be causes in the case of an individuals IT band syndrome, the physical therapist can direct the individual with appropriate exercises to help strengthen and stabilize where necessary to reduce strain on the knee.

In addition to addressing the biomechanical causes related to muscle imbalances, it is imperative to address the myofascial restrictions present in the IT band in order to increase soft tissue extensibility, reduce inflammation, and decrease pain. Soft tissue restrictions will be addressed through various techniques such as foam rolling, soft tissue massage, and/or dry needling as well as therapist instructed stretches to most appropriately address the individual’s restrictions. Dry needling is a procedure where fine gauge solid filament needles are inserted into the symptomatic tissue in order to stimulate the body’s natural response of healing and to release or deactivate active trigger points. Dry needling is now being offered at all of our Professional Rehabilitation Services Offices.

If an individual suspects they have symptoms related to IT band pain syndrome, they would benefit from being evaluated by a physical therapist to decipher their specific impairments contributing to the dysfunction. Then, through soft tissue technique and the instruction of proper exercise, they can eliminate their current pain symptoms as well as learn appropriate exercises to maintain in order to ensure their symptoms do not return as they return to their sport and continue to lead an active lifestyle.

Comments

comments

Hoops: Unbeaten Conway secures sweep of Wilson

Hoops: Unbeaten Conway secures sweep of WilsonThe Conway High boys basketball team proved that last month's [more]

All-County XC: CF's Mohr, NMB's Spickler lead pack

All-County XC: CF's Mohr, NMB's Spickler lead packRunning is more than a hobby for Michael Mohr; it’s [more]

Hoops: Saints fall despite double-double from Green

Hoops: Saints fall despite double-double from GreenThe Christian Academy of Myrtle Beach boys basketball team suffered [more]

Change is name of game for North-South All-Stars

Change is name of game for North-South All-Stars The wholesale changes to the 2018 South Carolina football season [more]

Hoops: Tigers, Sharks post big wins over county rivals

Hoops: Tigers, Sharks post big wins over county rivalsThe Conway High boys remained undefeated on the season with [more]

Chants on break for finals week after loss to Terriers

Chants on break for finals week after loss to TerriersSophomore Tre Brown had a career and team-high 24 points, [more]

CAC swimmers post hot times at Snowflake Invite

CAC swimmers post hot times at Snowflake InviteThe Coastal Aquatic Club (CAC) spent the weekend in Rock [more]

Knox's triple-double lifts Seahawks past Panthers

Knox's triple-double lifts Seahawks past Panthers Myrtle Beach High sophomore Emorie Knox hit a major milestone [more]

CAC's Steele captures gold at Winter Junior Nationals

CAC's Steele captures gold at Winter Junior NationalsCarolina Forest senior and Coastal Aquatic Club standout Taylor Steele [more]

SEAHAWKS STORM PAST GREER FOR STATE TITLE

SEAHAWKS STORM PAST GREER FOR STATE TITLE Over the summer, the Myrtle Beach players were gathered inside [more]

Green Sea Floyds captures first state championship

Green Sea Floyds captures first state championshipFacing fourth down and a sneaker, Green Sea Floyds coach [more]

Hoops: Sharks beat buzzer, Warriors on late foul shots

Hoops: Sharks beat buzzer, Warriors on late foul shotsThe St. James High boys basketball team won a thriller [more]

Schools send football team to state with Seahawk Walk

Schools send football team to state with Seahawk WalkThe Myrtle Beach High football team received a hero's send-off [more]

Hoops: Myrtle Beach boys double up rival Socastee

Hoops: Myrtle Beach boys double up rival SocasteeThe Myrtle Beach High boys basketball team doubled up rival [more]

Seahawks' strange season takes a final twist to state

Seahawks' strange season takes a final twist to stateMickey Wilson has led his team to state championship games [more]

Hoops: NMB boys, CF girls fall short in comeback bids

Hoops: NMB boys, CF girls fall short in comeback bidsWhat appeared to be a pair of lopsided affairs turned [more]

MB's shot at state crown moved to Friday afternoon

MB's shot at state crown moved to Friday afternoonGame time has been moved up a day for the [more]

Socastee product Renfrow titled nation's top walk-on

Socastee product Renfrow titled nation's top walk-onThe Burlsworth Foundation announced Monday that wide receiver Hunter Renfrow [more]

Sun Belt puts 5 in bowls after inaugural title game

Sun Belt puts 5 in bowls after inaugural title gameAfter a thrilling 30-19 win by Appalachian State over Louisiana [more]

Gamecocks get close bowl trip to Charlotte vs. Cavs

Gamecocks get close bowl trip to Charlotte vs. CavsSouth Carolina football fans won't have to travel far to [more]

No. 2 Tigers in high Cotton for bowl game against Irish

No. 2 Tigers in high Cotton for bowl game against IrishThe College Football Playoff and the Goodyear Cotton Bowl announced [more]

Hoops: Conway wins; NMB gives female coach first win

Hoops: Conway wins; NMB gives female coach first winThe Conway High boys basketball team came down from its [more]

Seahawks flip the script on No. 1 Hartsville in rematch

Seahawks flip the script on No. 1 Hartsville in rematch Myrtle Beach exorcised its biggest demon from the 2018 regular [more]

Green Sea Floyds transitions from struggles to state final

Green Sea Floyds transitions from struggles to state finalAs the clock ticked toward zero, Josh Slobodiak searched for [more]

Chants go cold during key stretch, fall to Gamecocks

Chants go cold during key stretch, fall to GamecocksZac Cuthbertson recorded his fourth double-double of the season, but [more]

Hoops: Unbeaten Conway secures sweep of Wilson

Hoops: Unbeaten Conway secures sweep of WilsonThe Conway High boys basketball team proved that last month's [more]

All-County XC: CF's Mohr, NMB's Spickler lead pack

All-County XC: CF's Mohr, NMB's Spickler lead packRunning is more than a hobby for Michael Mohr; it’s [more]

Comments are closed.

© 2018 Grand Strand Sports Report · RSS
Myrtle Beach Web Design
Kayaking in Myrtle Beach